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Asia Table of Comparison: Global Peace Index Rankings 2008

Resource: The Economist Intelligence Unit  (EIU)
Comparison Table: by Runckel & Associate
s



The Global Peace Index (GPI) Rankings which started in 2007 (the rankings for 2008 are the second time for this index) are computed yearly based on a range of conflict and security factors.  These include such factors as number of violent crimes, homicide levels, incarceration rates, levels of military spending and weapons access, to levels of disrespect for human rights. Each country is categorized according to its findings.

The table below provides the GPI rankings for the 140 countries analysed in 2008 and the 121  countries analysed in 2007, as well as year-on-year comparison.  Countries most at peace are ranked first. A lower score indicates a more peaceful country. (Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

Results for 2008 in terms of Asia showing Japan as the most stable or peaceful country in the region and North Korea as the least stable or least peaceful would be an assesment that most knowledgable Asia experts would agree.  Some of the rankings between countries are less clear cut but in general the Global Peace Index can be a valid indicative tool to consider in siting an investment.  However we suggest in doing your due diligence that you meet with a national or regional security specialist such as John Muller, CEO of Security Services Asia (SSA) interviewed recently in our Insight section.  Security and safety are definite requirements that should be considered in every investment decision.


  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

GPI

2007 Rank*

GPI
Differences
Yr. 2008 - 140 countries; Yr. 2007 - 121 countries **

Japan

5
5
+1
Hong Kong 23
23
+2

Singapore

29
29
+2

South Korea

32
32
+2

Vietnam

37
37
-1

Malaysia

38
38
0

Laos

51
51
new

China

67
67
-4
Indonesia
68
68
+13
Cambodia 91
91
+1

India

107
107
+12

Philippines

113
113
-2

Thailand

118
118
-1

Myanmar

126
126
-5

North Korea

133
113
new
 
* The expansion of the GPI from 121 countries to 140 does not lend itself to direct comparisons of changes in rank as the introduction of a number of countries instantly pushes various countries downwards.
** This column is a special comparative version of the GPI in 2008 for the original 121 countries.

More on Table of Comparisons: Asia Peace Index Rankings 2008

Level of distrust in other citizens | Number of internal security officers and police | Number of homicides | Level of organised conflict | Likelihood of violent demonstrations | Level of violent crime | Political instability | Respect for human rights | Potential for terriorist acts | Relations with neighbouring countries | Political Democracy | Electoral process | Corruption perceptionsFreedom of the press | Exports + Imports % of GDP | Foreign Direct Investment (flow) % of GDP | Current education spending (% of GDP) | Higher education enrolment | Adult literacy rate | Hostility to foreigners/private property | Importance of religion in national life | Unemployment %


 
Level of Distrust in Other Citizens
 (Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

A qualitative assessment of the level of distrust in other citizens, ranked from 1-5 (very low to very high) by the Economist Intelligence Unit's Country Analysis team. The lowest score (1) records that the majority of other people can be trusted and that there is an overall positive climate of trust in the country. The highest score (5) indicates that people are extremely cautious in dealing with others.


  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

4
China 4

Hong Kong

1

India

3

Indonesia

3

Japan

2

Laos

3

Malaysia

2
Philippines 3

South Korea

2

Singapore

3

Thailand

3

Vietnam

2

Go to top


 
Number of internal security officers and police 100,000 people
 
(Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

The original figures have been taken from UNODC, 9th, 8th and 7th UN Surveys of Criminal Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UNCJS) and refer to the civil police force as distinct from national guards or local militia. Where there are gaps, EIU analysts have filled the gaps and clustered data in bands:

1 = 0-199, 2 = 200-399, 3 = 400-599, 4 = 600-799, 5 = > 800


  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

1
China 2

Hong Kong

3

India

1

Indonesia

1

Japan

1

Laos

2

Malaysia

2
Philippines 1

South Korea

1

Singapore

2

Thailand

2

Vietnam

3

Go to top


 
Number of homicides per 100,000 people
 
(Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

Intentional homicide refers to death deliberately inflicted on a person by another person, including infanticide.  Where data are not present, The Economist Intelligence Unit's analysts have estimated figures based on their deep knowledge of each country. All the figures for homicides per 100,000 people have been banded as:

1=0-1.9, 2=2-5.9, 3=6-9.9, 4=10-19.9, 5= >20

  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

2
China 1

Hong Kong

1

India

2

Indonesia

1

Japan

1

Laos

1

Malaysia

2
Philippines 2

South Korea

2

Singapore

1

Thailand

3

Vietnam

1

Go to top


 
Level of organised conflict (internal)
 
(Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

Qualitative assessment of the intensity of conflicts within the country. Ranked 1-5 (very low-very high) by EIU analysts

  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

2
China 2

Hong Kong

1

India

3

Indonesia

2

Japan

1

Laos

2

Malaysia

1
Philippines 3

South Korea

2

Singapore

1

Thailand

3

Vietnam

1

Go to top


 
Likelihood of violent demonstrations
 
(Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

Qualitative assessment of the level of violent demonstrations. Ranked 1-5 (very low-very high) by EIU analysts

  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

4
China 2

Hong Kong

2

India

3

Indonesia

3

Japan

1

Laos

2

Malaysia

2
Philippines 4

South Korea

3

Singapore

1

Thailand

4

Vietnam

2

Go to top


 
Level of violent crime
 
(Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

Qualitative assessment of the level of violent crime. Ranked 1-5 (very low-very high) by EIU analysts

  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

5
China 2

Hong Kong

2

India

3

Indonesia

4

Japan

1

Laos

2

Malaysia

2
Philippines 4

South Korea

1

Singapore

1

Thailand

4

Vietnam

2

Go to top


 
Political instability
 
(Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

Qualitative assessment of level of political instability. Ranked 1-5 (very low-very high) by EIU analysts

  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

3.75
China 3.125

Hong Kong

2.25

India

1.62

Indonesia

2

Japan

1

Laos

2.75

Malaysia

2.25
Philippines 3

South Korea

1.75

Singapore

1

Thailand

3.62

Vietnam

2.75

Go to top


 
Respect for human rights
 
(Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

A qualitative measure of the level of political terror through an analysis of Amnesty International's Yearbook.

  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

3
China 4

Hong Kong

1.5

India

3

Indonesia

3

Japan

1

Laos

3

Malaysia

3
Philippines 4

South Korea

2

Singapore

2

Thailand

4

Vietnam

2

Go to top


 
Potential for terriorist acts
 
(Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

Qualitative assessment of the potential for terrorist acts. Ranked 1-5 (very low-very high) by EIU analysts

  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

2
China 1

Hong Kong

1

India

4

Indonesia

4

Japan

1

Laos

2

Malaysia

2
Philippines 4

South Korea

1

Singapore

2

Thailand

4

Vietnam

1

Go to top


 
Relations with neighbouring countries
 
(Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

Qualitative assessment of relations with neighbouring countries. Ranked 1-5 (very low-very high) by EIU analysts

  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

2
China 3

Hong Kong

3

India

3

Indonesia

2

Japan

3

Laos

2

Malaysia

2
Philippines 2

South Korea

3

Singapore

2

Thailand

2

Vietnam

2.5

Go to top


 
Political Democracy Index
 
(Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

Source: EIU Analysts; Year: 2006

  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

4.8
China 3

Hong Kong

5.9

India

7.8

Indonesia

6.3

Japan

8.4

Laos

2.1

Malaysia

6.4
Philippines 6.1

South Korea

8

Singapore

5.9

Thailand

6.8

Vietnam

2.5

Go to top


 
Electoral process
 
(Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

Qualitative assessment of whether elections are competitive in that electors are free to vote and are offered a range of choices. Ranked 1- 10 (very low to very high)

Source: EIU Democracy Index; Year: 2008


  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

5.6
China 0

Hong Kong

3.5

India

9.6

Indonesia

6.9

Japan

9.2

Laos

0

Malaysia

6.5
Philippines 8.3

South Korea

11.5

Singapore

4.3

Thailand

7.8

Vietnam

0.8

Go to top


 
Corruption perceptions
 
(Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

Corruption perceptions (CPI score: 10 = highly clean, 0 = highly corrupt)
The Index draws on multiple expert opinion surveys that poll perceptions of public sector corruption scoring countries on a scale from 0 to 10, with 0 indicating high levels of perceived corruption and 10 indicating low levels of perceived corruption.

Source: Transparency International, Corruption Perception Index; Year: 2007


  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

2
China 3.5

Hong Kong

8.3

India

3.5

Indonesia

2.3

Japan

7.5

Laos

1.9

Malaysia

5.1
Philippines 2.5

South Korea

5.1

Singapore

9.3

Thailand

3.3

Vietnam

2.6

Go to top



 
Freedom of the press
 
(Source: http://www.visionofhumanity.org)

The index measures the state of press freedom in the world, reflecting the degree of freedom journalists and news organisations enjoy in each country, and the efforts made by the state to respect and ensure respect for this freedom

Source: Reporter Without Borders; Year: 2007

  Country
 

GPI

2008 Rank

Cambodia

25.3
China 89

Hong Kong

20

India

39.3

Indonesia

30.5

Japan

11.8

Laos

75

Malaysia

41
Philippines 44.8

South Korea

12.1

Singapore

56

Thailand

53.5

Vietnam

79.3


 
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