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As China increasingly assumes the role of rising superpower, it is interesting to note how a growing national sense of triumphalism in architecture is being embodied in Chinese construction.  China currently is finishing building the world’s largest dam (Three Gorges) and is also building the world’s longest bridge (from Ningbo to Shanghai) and also a contender for the World’s highest building (also in Shanghai).  As further example of this, China has just recently announced its plans to build a new airport in time for the 2008 Beijing Olympics.  The new airport will be the world’s biggest according to Lord Foster, the British architect responsible for Hong Kong’s impressive airport which opened in 1998, who has been commissioned to design the project.
 
According to Lord Foster, the new Beijing Airport will outpace both of the current biggest airports, Hong Kong and Heathrow, which is set to double in size when Terminal 5 is finished in 2008.  Additionally, all of this will take less than three years to complete according to Lord Foster.  By way of comparison Heathrow’s Terminal five was put up for public comment in 1995 and is expected to open in 2008, Hong Kong’s airport also took a much longer time as the new Airport in Bangkok.
 

 
International Airports:


Beijing - Capital International Central, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian - Zhoushuizi, Fuzhou - Yixu, Gaoqi - Xiamen, Guangzhou, Guilin Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Kunming, Nanjing, Nanning, Qingdao - Liuting, Shanghai - Hongqiao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Tianjin - Zhangguizhuang, Urumqi Wuhan, Xi'an, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou
Major International Airports are:

Beijing Airport  -  Capital International Airport (PEK)
Shanghai Airport - Hong Qiao International Airport (SHA)
Shanghai Airport - Pudong International Airport (PVG)
Hong Kong Airport - Hong Kong International Airport (HKG)

- Most visitors to China travel via Hong Kong, Beijing, or Shanghai.

AIRLINES:
The national carrier is the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) or Air China.  Dragon Air is also under CAAC.  It has a joint venture with  Hong Kong's Cathay Pacific.  Other airlines include China Eastern, China Southern, China Northern, Great Wall, Yunnan Airlines and several others.  Websites for airlines: China Airlines, China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines

DEPARTURE TAX:

International Airport Departure Tax: RMB105
Domestic Airport Departure Tax: RMB50


Beijing Airport - (PEK) Beijing Capital International Airport

General Information: the airport is 17 Miles(28 km) North East of City.  Travel time is 40-60 minutes.

Read our exclusive interview with

Mr. Fang Youxin, Director General of Beijing Capital International Airport

 

  • General Information: the airport is 17 Miles(28 km) North East of City. Travel time is 40-60 minutes.
  • Background:  It is the newest airport in China - Beijing Capital International Airport, a sophisticated baggage handlong conveyor system is installed by Jervis B. Webb Company. It is designed to handle nearly 32 million pieces of luggage per year. The new system is currently one of the most technically advanced baggage handling conveyor systems in China. The system consists of two identical baggage handling conveyors - one for international travel and one for domestic passengers. Each system includes baggage x-ray screening at check-in, redundant tilt tray sortation piers, automated early bag storage in the make-up area, and a transfer bag input subsystem. The system also includes ticket counter induction conveyors at nearly 170 passenger check-in stations, 17 inclined slope plate reclaim conveyors, two transfer conveyors specifically to handle baggage between connecting flights, four high-speed tilt tray sorters feeding the make-up piers, and over 40 make-up piers that direct bags to the proper flight.

       

  • Business Facilitiesthe airport has a business center with Internet access, fax and computer facilities. Business services are also available in the VIP lounges.
  • Airport Arrival Layout:

The blue shaded area in the above chart shows the international arrival.

Point 1: International flight arrival gates. Once you step out from the plane, follow the mass walking toward point 2.
Point 2: Health Declaration collection counter. You will need to fill out and give the Entry Health Declaration Form at point 2.
Point 3: Airport Frontier Inspection. Be ready to hand in your passport, Chinese visa, as well as the Entry Registration Card to the Airport frontier inspection at point 3. (The Card can be obtained and filled out while you were on plane.) Remember to get your passport back and put in a safe position afterwards. 
Point 4: Baggage Claim. Take the elevator/escalator down 2 levels to the baggage claim area at point 4. There are several baggage carousels in this area. Check TV screen for the carousel that carries of your flight.
Point 5: Chinese Customs. After getting your baggage, moving forward you will be in the line for custom inspection.
Point 6: Arrival lobby.
  • Transportation: There are metered taxis at the airport. It costs about 150 Yuan for one-way trip.  The Airport-City Shuttle Bus departs every 30 minutes and usually stop at major hotels.
  • Airport Equipments: Change room for passengers, Public phones, water fountain, banks, post office, clinic, commercial center, smoking room, and restrooms.



Shanghai Airport -Hong Qiao International Airport (SHA)

Hong Quao International Airport (SHA) it is located in the western suburbs of Shanghai, only 13 kilometers away from the city center. Since 1996, Hongqiao International Airport has consecutively won the first prize among airport group with an annual passenger throughput of over eight million in the “Passengers Poll for Civil Aviation” activities organized by China’s civil aviation industry of Shanghai City. The terminal of Hongqiao International Airport covers an area of 82,000 square meter, with 15 waiting halls, 18 VIP lounge and 15 luggage-conveying belts. Currently, Hongqiao International Airport accommodates an average of over 300 aircraft movements per day.

  • General Information: the airport is located 8 miles(13 km) South West of Shanghai. Travel time is 25-40 minutes.
  • Business Facilities at the airport: 24-hour business facilities, including meeting rooms, telephone, fax, photocopying and telex facilities, and catering services.
  • Transportation: There are metered taxis at the airport.  They cost about 50-70 yuan for one-way trip.  Taxi line depends on the distance of the journey.  There are also shuttle buses from most major hotels at the airport.

Pudong International Airport: (PVG) is in the east of Shanghai City. Currently, Pudong International Airport has accommodated an average aircraft movements over 400 times per day, already accounting for approximately 60% of the total aircraft movements of Shanghai. And it is serving for about 50 domestic and foreign airlines, connecting with over 70 international and regional destinations and 60 domestic destinations.

  • General Information: the airport is 19 miles(30 km) from Shanghai city centers, and 25 miles(40 km) from Hong Qiao International Airport.
  • Customs: Passengers (with the exception of those holding diplomatic passports or having Customs exemption), please fill in the "Passengers Baggage Declaration Form" while you are on board.
  • Business Facilities: Pudong Airport Hotel offers 24-hour business facilities, including meeting rooms, telephone, fax, photocopying and telex facilities, and catering services.
  • Departure & Arrival Procedure: 1. International departure procedure: Checkin - Luggage Delivery - Getting Boarding Card - Quarantine - Customs - Immigration - Security Check - Waiting and Boarding. 2. International Arrival Procedure: Quarantine - Immigration - Luggage Reclaim - Customs - Enter greeting hall. 3. Domestic departure procedure: Check-in - Luggage Delivery - Getting Boarding Card - Security Check - Waiting and Boarding. 4. Domestic Arrival procedure: Reclaim Luggage - Enter Greeting Hall.
  • Transportation: Metered taxis are available.  Airport buses offers two routes: Route 1 connects Pudong International Airport with Hong Qiao International Airport, and Route  2 runs to Shanghai Exhibition Center.



Shanghai Airport - Pudong International Airport (PVG)

  • General Information: the airport is 21 Miles(34km) North West of Hong Kong Island. Travel time is  20-35  minutes.
  • Business Facilities:  Business Centre is located in the PCCW HKT Business Centre.  Services include Internet access, fax, videoconferencing and local mobile telephone rental. Wireless broadband services are provided with the passengers' own laptops.
  • Transportation: Buses, taxi, and limousine services are available at the Hong Kong International Airport, as well as an efficient Airport Express rail system. It costs approximately HK$350 ~ $400 to get to Central from the airport by taxi.  Taxis to Kowloon side (Tsim Sha Tsui) costs about HK$300. Buses from airport can also take you to downtown and Kowloon side.  They cost around HK$20-40. Trains leave every 10 minutes. Tickets cost about HK$50-90.  There is also a shuttle bus to the Chek Lap Kok Ferry Pier and high-speed ferries run between the airport and Tuen Mun.  Airport Express Line trains leaves the airport for Hong Kong station every ten minutes and also stop at Kowloon.  Public buses also leave from the Ground Transportation Centre.  Cross boarder coaches offer regular services between the airport and major Guangdong cities in mainland China. Hong Kong has one of the world’s most efficient, safe and affordable public transportation systems.  Local public transportation via bus, ferry or the MTR subway system is user-friendly. The MTR system covers extensive areas of Hong Kong with signs in both English and Chinese. The rate for taxi in Hong Kong is HK$15 for the first 2 km and HK$1.4 for each additional 200 meters. Some surcharges are applicable for various tunnel crossings and extra baggage.




Notes:

Train in China reaches into every province (apart from Tibet) along a 52,000-km network. It is reasonable, relatively fast, and a safer proposition than buses.

In large cities, most cabs have meters


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